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The 4 types of temporary character armor that can shelter your heroes (and why “temporary” is important) 

 June 5, 2022

By  Sue Brown-Moore

In romance writing (or any character-driven fiction), character armor is integral to every story, whether we realize it or not.

We talk a lot about what our characters are trying to do, but just as important is what they are trying to avoid (emotionally)

They want to avoid missing an opportunity

They want to avoid losing someone dear

And they want to avoid getting their heart broken

Today, we're talking about the four different strategies our heroes (and antagonists) can use to protect themselves from emotional harm. "Character Armor" is only one of those ways, part of the group of four that I call Augmentations.

But just as goals, needs, fears, and motivations evolve throughout a story, so do protective mechanisms. And at the end of this article, I'll talk about how we can strip away those protections to squeeze our heroes.

Then we'll wrap up today's discussion with some insight on why character Augmentations should be used as a temporary tool in your writing skillset and how you can use them to layer depth into your story.

Character Armor and Augmentations:  What are augmentations

Augmentations: What character armor really is

I know that the term "augmentation" might at first seem strange. Why not just call it a character's armor?

Physical armor protects a person in a specific way, but absorbing impacts isn't the only way a person can avoid bodily harm. We can also deflect blows, distract our opponent into missing, or trick them into not attacking.  

Merriam-Webster defines "augment" as:

to make greater, more numerous, larger, or more intense; OR to supplement

Picture your favorite superhero or comic book character. They may wear a bulky suit of armor. They might use a holo-shield that protects only the front of their body. They may wear a mask to conceal their identity. Or they may use verbal banter and physical misdirection to confuse and delay their opponents. 

These are all ways a person can supplement whatever protections they already have in place. And adding one of these types of emotional protections brings an extra layer of intensity to your story that can be stripped away later to reveal a juicy vulnerability. (More on that later.) 

Augmentations are a Supporting Core Value that strengthen and represent a character's Need, Want, Fear, and Void. Learn about those 4 Essential Core Values here

The four types of character Augmentation are Armor, Shield, Mask, and Flair.

Character Armor and Augmentations: Armor


A character's armor is probably the easiest Augmentation to envision and understand. Armor fully encases a person in a hardened shell or protective suit. 

back and front of an ironman suit

Iron Man suit from Iron Man 3 (artwork by Phil Saunders)

Armor is built to take hits and to absorb and lessen those impacts. 

If you've ever been told that you need "thick skin" to be an author, then you're already familiar with what Armor is as an emotional Augmentation.  

Armor tends to slow down the wearer, so it's more appropriate for standing your ground than evading hits. 

Even the strongest armor won't fully protect you from pain. It lessens it, but you have to be willing to take the hits when you don your armor.  

So in what circumstances might a character choose to armor up emotionally?

  • A heated debate
  • A break-up confrontation
  • Getting through a day at a job they hate

But all armor has at least one weakness, so if you set up your character's early story arc with the Armor Augmentation, be sure you understand how to punch through that armor and sprinkle in story threads to set up this risk.

Character Armor and Augmentations: Shield


A shield prevents and redirect attacks that come from a single direction (or perspective).

Captain America with shield raised

Movie still from Captain America: Civil War

In emotional terms, this is like talking to someone who is happy and welcoming one second, then shuts down and closes off the next. They're willing to be vulnerable to everything except this one trigger.

Shields are only effective if they are placed in the attack path, so the wielder must be aware of a threat and ready to defend against it or their shield is worthless. 

Here are some situations where a character may opt for an emotional shield:

  • Still triggered by memories of childhood abuse
  • Avoiding talking about a specific subject
  • They believe they know what sort of threat to expect (like loss of job if they don't do as asked)
Character Armor and Augmentations: Mask


Where Shields and Armor are fairly straightforward, Masks can give you more creative license as a storyteller.

Your character may wear a literal mask (or even prosthetics) to hide their identity.

The Mask of V in V is for Vendetta

Screen still from V is for Vendetta

But emotionally, the Mask is meant to deceive. It is meant to convince people that the character is either not a threat or is capable of more than they truly are.

Masks hide the wearer's true feelings and beliefs behind a persona intended to give a specific impression.

And sometimes, the person wearing the Mask may have worn it so long they've deceived even themselves. 

A character might wear an emotional Mask if they are trying to:

  • Fake it 'til they make it
  • Forget or hide a past sin
  • Convince another character they are trustworthy in a particular aspect of the plot's events

If you've ever heard a Southern woman say "bless your heart" and thought that maybe it meant something else (and it probably did), then you've witnessed a Mask in action. That famed Southern grace is sometimes used as a way to subvert social threats by appearing harmless or to deliver subtle insults that are difficult to defend against without breaking accepted social expectations. 

Masks and Flair (up next) involve some sort of deception (sometimes even straight-up lying), so if you choose one of these Augmentations for your character, be sure you set it up in a way that your target audience will accept.

Character Armor and Augmentations: Flair


Flair, when used as an intentional Augmentation, is the art of misdirection. Like a magician who gestures with one hand and hides a trick with the other, people use Flair to avoid (or delay) conflict by putting on a show.

Character Armor and Augmentations: Starlord Dance-Off from the movie (represents Character Augmentation: Flair)

Dance-off GIF of Star-Lord from Guardians of the Galaxy 

Adding Flair to a character can really amp up their characterization. Characters who use Flair might be considered magnetic or charismatic or even just entertaining. But as we've seen with professional comedians, people who shine the brightest are often hiding a much darker, deeper wound they want to keep secret (or that they're trying to compensate for).

Here are some examples of a character using Flair:

  • Sarcasm to avoid or redirect sensitive conversation topics
  • Humor to charm people into not challenging them
  • An eye-catching appearance or unexpected behavior to divert (or attract) attention
Character Armor and Augmentations: Working With Augmentations

Why should character augmentations be only temporary? (And how do we negate them in a story?)

You can use Augmentations strategically to flesh out your hero's characterization.

  • If they use Flair, show them as a devil-may-care free spirit.
  • If they use armor, depict them as solid, grounded, immovable.
  • If they prefer to "wear' a mask, paint them as mysterious and secretive.
  • If they shield against specific topics, make them seem personable and reasonable until they're threatened.

But part of what makes character-driven fiction so powerful is peeling away a character's layers of protection until we understand the raw vulnerability at their core. Which means that at some point in your story—probably around or just after the 2/3 mark if you're writing a 3-act story—your hero needs to either take off their Augmentation or have it stripped from them. 

If you're writing a fall arc, like for an antagonist, consider starting the story with them in their vulnerable, unprotected state, then having them Augment up when they feel threatened. This might be somewhere in the first third or half of the story for a 3-act structure. 

So, then, how do we negate a character's Augmentation(s) and bring them to their most vulnerable emotional place?

  • Armor: Find an "attack" (emotional) that ignores the armor's type of protection or takes advantage of its vulnerability. Or, find a way to get the character to voluntarily take off the armor.
  • Shield: Sneak in the "attack" from a direction the shield isn't set up to defend against. A person ready to defend themselves physically may not be prepared for mental manipulation.
  • Mask: Expose the person's true identity. Emotionally, that means forcing them to admit their fear or vulnerability. 
  • Flair: Opposing characters should stay focused and on task. By not letting the Flair distract or deter them, they can herd the hero into facing their weakness.
Character Armor and Augmentations: Comments

Questions and comments

I hope you enjoyed reading this article as much as I did writing it! Augmentations are one of my favorite character elements to analyze when I'm doing an edit, because there are so many creative ways layer them into a character and engage the reader with believability

Leave a comment below to let me know what questions you have about Augmentations.

Or, tell me some ways you like to use Character Augmentations in your own stories. 

About the author 

Sue Brown-Moore

Creator. Speaker. Feminist. Human. (She/her)

Known for being a tough editor with a soft touch, Sue Brown-Moore specializes in teaching revision techniques for character-driven fiction and champions progressive, inclusive literature. Sue helps writers rediscover their inner spark and push through vexing story problems using the character-first editing and storystorming techniques she teaches in her online university.

Sue has been featured in writing-focused events and publications, like Publisher’s Weekly and online writing summits, and the stories she collaborates on as both a freelance and acquiring editor have been celebrated with nominations and wins for industry awards like the Vivian, the Golden Heart, and the Lambda.

Learn more about learning from Sue and choose the confidence-building workshop, playbook, or bite-sized training that’s right for you, here on Sue's website.

You only get one chance to make a memorable first impression, so make it count!

Recently published:

    • Hi Nicola! That’s a great question. Yes, you could use more than one augmentation as a protective mechanism for a single character. Perhaps the hero changes the subject anytime the topic of their high school senior prom comes up (a shield to deflect feelings specifically about whatever event happened that they want to avoid thinking about) and they use a charming attitude as flair to keep people they meet from trying to get to know them more than surface level. Just an example! 🙂

  • This lesson reinforced what I had already written.
    In the first chapters, the wife pressures the husband to take ballroom dance lessons with her. In exchange, the husband pressures the wife to take handgun lessons with him.
    My villain disguised himself as a homeless person and ambushes the husband, (a police detective) while he and his wife are practicing their most recent Tango lesson. The bad guy approaches them from behind with a pistol. The detective engages him in banter while holding his hands well above his head, while the wife takes his gun from his shoulder holster. The detective pivots, (the move he learned in tonight’s lesson) to face the assailant exposing his wife, who shoots the bad guy.
    So, in this exchange, there is mask, flair, and shield, and the wife is revealed as the true hero of the story though she was resistant to even touching a gun in the beginning. She was afraid she would betray her Christian upbringing if she ever killed someone, but her husband convinces her by quoting passages from the Bible that self-defense or defense of an innocent is no sin. Her arc was thoroughly fulfilled.
    Thank you for the wonderful lessons that I have read voraciously. You are a great teacher.

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